1. Keep Accurate Records
Consider investing in an easy accounting software, such as a simple solution, where you can track money in and out daily. Everything you track will only help your accountant later on down the road — which is good news for you and your bottom line!
2. Never Combine Personal and Business Finances
This is one of the most important bookkeeping tips you need to keep in mind. Even if you’re the sole employee in your small business, mixing personal and business-specific transactions can make it much harder to organize and track your records. You must treat your business as a viable entity. This means maintaining separate checking accounts, open a business credit card, and consider establishing an LLC for your small business. In the event of an audit, this tip will keep you out of hot water with the IRS.
3. Don't Allow Clients to get Away with not Paying Balances
Seeing a large amount in the receivables column is a good thing, but the money doesn’t really count until it is in your bank account. Don’t let clients avoid regular payments. Stand firm and insist you receive payment for past orders before letting them have more materials or services. The receivables department is crucial in keeping your company afloat.
4. Keep a Cash Reserve
In business and in life you should always have a contingency plan. It’s common for small business owners to dump excess cash back into their business to scale. This is a good practice only if you’re putting a small portion into cash reserves. Most financial analysts suggest having at least three months of runway (basic operating expenses) on hand at all times. However, I suggest having at least six months of runway since things never go exactly as planned. You should check your reserves quarterly and make sure your reserves can keep you afloat for six more months. If not, it’s time to start putting a bit more away.